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Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - follow the footsteps of the master of violin

Stay home and take part in a virtual (!) journey following the footsteps of the most outstanding Polish violinist in history who had performed extensively throughout his life. Twice a week we present on our social media pages (facebookinstagramtwitter) our selection of the most interesting cities he had visited. For easy use, we have chosen the modern political map of the world, as national borders have changed many times over time. 

Henryk Wieniawski's journeys might interest you so much that you will decide to look for their traces in your country.
Who knows? Here is the map that we have marked Wieniawski's places based on sources available. 
If you have any additional information that you could add to the map please write to us: archiwum@wieniawski.pl


POLAND

Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Lublin Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Poznań Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Warszawa Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Kraków Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Wrocław Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Szczawno-Zdrój Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Bydgoszcz, Toruń  Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Gdańsk, Elbląg

LUBLIN

Henryk Wieniawski's birthplace. Here, in the first eight years of his life he received basic knowledge of music and learned to play the instrument with the best Lublin violinists - Stanisław Serwaczyński and Jan Hornziel, and later he worked and gave concerts many times:

1848 - charity concert on November 14;
1851 - concert in the Townhall on his way from Warsaw to Kiev on January 5;1853 - visit in January;
1855 - visit in June, concert on June 19;
1857 - a concert during an agricultural exhibition taking place in the city;1860 - family stay in August, shortly after he married Isabella Hampton; concert with the violinist Izydor Lotto;

POZNAŃ (POZNAN)

The city where International Henryk Wieniawski Violin Competition take place every 5 years. The great Polish violinist had performed here many times:

1854 - concerts on April 21, 22 and 23 at the City Theater (today's Arkadia building in Plac Wolności); concerts on June 9, 11, 13, 15 and 26 at the Hotel Bazar; June 29, concerts on July 2 and 4 at the City Theater. A few days of rest in the Mielżyński family's estate.
1857 - concerts on June 24 and 27 at the Bazar Hotel; concerts on June 28, July 2 and 3 at the City Theater; concerts on June 28, July 2 and 3 at the City Theater;
1878 - concert on November 23 at the Bazar Hotel and on December 10 at the Lambert Odeon Hall (now Apollo Passage);

KRAKÓW (CRACOW)

1853 - Brothers Henryk and Józef Wieniawski came from Vienna for three concerts in Kraków: on April 13, 15, 17 they performed at Kraków Theater (today's Helena Modrzejewska National Stary Theater in Kraków);
1857 - on May 14, 17 and 20 they gave concerts at Kraków Theater again; around May 23 they left the city and around this time their artistic paths separated;
1877 - on February 18 Henryk Wieniawski, together with Arthur Nikish, played a concert at the Saski Hotel; then Wieniawski gave concerts in Kraków on February 27 and March 3;

WARSZAWA (WARSAW)

1848 - concerts of Henryk and Józef Wieniawski at the Grand Theater on October 10 and 15;
1850 - in October concert(s) of the Wieniawski brothers in Łazienki Królewskie (Łazienki Park or Royal Baths Park); in December concerts at the Grand Theater;
1853 - in February two musical meetings in a private group in the salon of doctor Maksymilian Wolff, their uncle;
1855 - in September brothers stayed in Warsaw, but gave no concerts;
1860 - around May 24 a concert at the Grand Theater together with F. Dulcken; then five concerts at the Grand Theater and redoubt halls (June 3, 8, 12, 15 and 22); participation in a concert in Circus on Green Square together with Konstancja Markusfeld in aid of emerging Music Institute, also concerts in Warsaw parlours;
1860 - arrival in Warsaw in August; meetings and concerts with friends (H. Modrzejewska, M. Kalergis, S. Moniuszko);
1870 - in April two concerts at the Grand Theater and in the hall of the Merchant's Resource Association; on May 8 concert of the Wieniawski brothers in redoubt halls; on May 17 concert at the Grand Theater with the participation of J. Goebelt and H. Modrzejewska; also stay in late autumn;
1872 - in April Henryk Wieniawski arrives for the announced concerts, but they got canceled due to his dispute with F. Berg, the governor of Tsar;
1876 - concerts on January 12, 13 and 16 run by the artist's brother - Józef at the Music Society (income - 830 rubles for the Society) and concert at the Town Hall together with Mrs Dowiadowska and Mr Filleborn;

WROCŁAW

Great violinist Henryk Wieniawski visited Wrocław many times:

1848 - he performed at the local Theater on December 27 during the interval in the performance (today's Wrocław Opera);
1849 - he gave a concert on January 6 in the hall of the "König von Ungarn"("King of Hungary") hotel at the former Biskupia street No. 13;
1855 - he gave concerts on August 30 and September 1 at the Theater;
1857 - on November 12 and 14, he gave concerts at the Theater: the first for A. Blech, conductor of the theater orchestra, the second - together with the singer F. Rieger; in addition, on November 15, he participated in the musical matinee in the University concert hall;
1876/1877 - he visited Wrocław during his concert tour at the turn of 1866 and 1877;
1877 - on November 29 and December 1, he gave concerts with a group of artists of impresario Bernard Ullman (D. Artôt-Padilla, G. Bottesini, L. Brassin). Wieniawski’s inscription, a fragment of the cadenza to L. van Beethoven's violin concerto in D Major: ‘En Souvenir le 2 Xber 1877. Breslau. Henri Wieniawski’, has survived.

SZCZAWNO-ZDRÓJ 

Every year, the International Henryk Wieniawski Festival takes place in Szczawno-Zdrój. Why? It refers to two visits of the great violinist in this beautiful resort.

1855 - On August 4, the violinist Henryk Wieniawski and his brother Józef, a pianist, came to a health resort called then Bad Salzbrunn to spend 1 and a half month holidays there. They checked in the Kursaal Hotel, which had a small concert hall (lounge) on the ground floor, and guest rooms on the first floor. They gave at least two concerts in the spa, the first of them took place on August 16;

1857 - Henryk Wieniawski came to Salzbrunn from Poznań. This time he spent two months here, from July 8 to the beginning of September. He gave at least two concerts in Kursaal Hotel hall and in the public spa theater adjacent to the hotel. He also took part in a charity concert for the benefit of the Catholic chapel, together with Romania Mycielska, Maria Orpiszewska née Wodzińska, Zofia Malhomme and Aleksander Zarzycki. 

BYDGOSZCZ AND TORUŃ

According to preserved archival sources, Henryk Wieniawski gave only one concert in the two largest cities of the current Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship:

1854 - On May 30 the only concert of the brothers Józef and Henryk Wieniawski in Bydgoszcz took place in the Theater;
1878 - On November 25 Henryk Wieniawski performed in the Gymnasium Hall together with the Norwegian singer Lona Gulowsen and the German pianist Helena Geisler;

GDAŃSK AND ELBLĄG

1854 - On May 18 and 22 Henryk and Józef Wieniawski performed in Gdańsk (then Danzig). On May 16, Henryk wrote to Gustav Bock, the publisher: ‘(...) I would like to offer you a friendly business. If you like to print my L'École moderne, as well as two Mazurkas for violin, please tell me and I will give them to you on the terms you offer (...) We are in Gdańsk, where we have the first concert the day after tomorrow. If you think I am worth answering, please send your answer to Poznań, at Mr. Żupański's address [bookseller], to hand in to Mr Henryk Wieniawski. I wish you a good day, your devoted friend, Henryk Wieniawski’.

On May 23, the brothers came to Elbląg (then Elbings). They stayed at the Berlin Hotel, as we learn from Henry's letter to G. Bock. The next day they played the only concert in the city.

1878
- After over twenty years, Henryk Wieniawski visited Gdańsk again and performed there on November 27;

FRANCE

Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Paryż, Paris Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Bordeaux Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Orlean, Orléans Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Lyon

PARIS

Paris was an extremely important city in the life of the great Polish violinist. Here are some facts from his life related to it:

1844 - On April 27, 9-year-old Henryk, a student in the violin class of prof. Joseph Lambert Massart, was for the first time presented to the concert public in Salle Erard;
1846 - On June 28, Henryk wins the first prize and a gold medal at the competition exam ending (!) his violin studies at the Conservatory;
1848 - On January 30, the first joint concert of the brothers Henryk and Józef Wieniawski took place in Salle de Sax, just before their trip to Russia;
1849 - Henryk began his composition studies; gave numerous concerts, incl. March 17 in the eleventh district, March 30 in the Hall of Saint Cecilia, April 9 in the Salle Erard, May 19 in the Salle Herz;
1850 - in March he takes part in a concert for the poor in Hall of 11th arrondissement of Paris; in April, he gives a concert with an orchestra and 120 people choir conducted by H. Berlioz; in April and May, he gives concerts with his brother Josef in Salle Erard and in Salle de Sax;
1860 - On August 8, he married an English woman Izabela Bessie Hampton in St. Andrew Church;
1867 - On April 19 and 21, he took part in subscription concerts of the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire; On June 11, he performed at Théâtre Italien;
1874 - On December 27, he had performed in France for the first time after his American tour that ended several months earlier;

BORDEAUX

1857 - in August Henryk Wieniawski spent holidays and toured in the south of France: in Marseilles and Bordeaux;
1860 - At the beginning of the year he gave concerts in Bordeaux: on January 29 in the Franklin Hall, on January 31 and February 2 in the Grand Theater;
1867 - on April 27 he performed with an orchestra in the Franklin Hall, on April 30 and on May 1, 4 and 6 he took part in chamber concerts;

ORLÉANS

Henryk Wieniawski gave at least one concert in the city made famous by Joanna D'Arc - it has been established so far. But it can be safely assumed that he had visited it more often:

1875 - On January 9 he played in the concert hall of the Music Institute in Orleans with the participation of Miss Lory, we presume they were singers. A brief review of the event was published in one of the dailies: ‘(...) The audience of Orleans gave the great violinist a very warm reception, calling him back on stage after each composition. The charming Lory sisters were also very nicely received. The orchestra performed an overture to Suppé's <<The Queen of Spades>> and Leutner's Fest-Ouverture, very well received by the audience (...)’

LYON

Henryk Wieniawski had visited Lyon only once. It was late in his life, two years before he died:

1878 - on March 9 and 12 he performed at Grand Théâtre, as part of the concert series ‘Concerts populaires d’Aimé Gros’;

On March 9 he played: Beethoven's Violin Concerto with his own cadenzas, his own Fantasy on themes from ‘Faust’, "Legend" and Prelude for solo violin. On March 12, he performed a completely different program: Mendelssohn’s Concerto, Beethoven's Romance in F major, Second Polonaise of his own composition and Ernst's ‘Airs hongrois’.

‘(...) Perhaps Mr. Wieniawski has no such soul or communicative warmth as Mr. Sarasate, (...) but his technique, the art of extracting sounds and effects from the violin as unexpected as possible, cannot rise higher (...)’; ‘(...) While restrained and classical in Beethoven's great concert, he was brilliant in <<Fantasy on themes from Faust>>, and full of grace and poetry in <<Legend>>, his composition (...)’; ‘(...) Precision, mastery of this truly magical bow (...)’ - reviews reveal ('Salut Public', 'Courrier de Lyon', 12.03.1878).

RUSSIA

Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Petersburg, St. Petersburg Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Saratów, Saratov Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Kaliningrad, Królewiec, Königsberg Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Woroneż, Voronezh Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Moskwa, Moscow

ST. PETERSBURG (Санкт-Петербург)

St. Petersburg had been extremely important in Henryk Wieniawski’s life. Here are some facts associated with it:

1848 - In march for the first time 12-year-old Henryk Wieniawski came to St. Petersburg. He gave many concerts there, for example on April 12 at the Mikhailovsky Theater, on April 24 at the Noble Assembly Hall [this is the later Great Hall of the Petersburg Philharmonic], on May 2 and 17 - morning concerts in the J.W. Miatleva’ salon (at the corner of St. Isaac's Square and Potsdamska Street), on May 28 - at the Mikhailovsky Theater. He took part in music meetings in private salons of musicians and art patrons, including Count Mateusz Wielhorski (cellist), Prince Alexei Lvov (violinist); Prince Nicholas Josupov (violinist);

1851 - brothers Henryk and Józef Wieniawski gave concerts at the Grand Theater, incl. March 8, March 20 and April 1.
They stayed at the Paris Hotel;

1860-1864 - On April 18, Henryk Wieniawski signed a contract for the position of a soloist at the Court and Court Theaters. In September he became the head of the String Quartet of the Russian Music Society. He took part in obligatory opera and ballet performances with solo parts, court concerts, quartet evenings, symphony and chamber concerts in the salons (including the famous 'Saturdays at A. Rubinstein’s salon'), the Grand Theater, the Mariinsky Theater, the Noble Assembly Hall, The Court Vocal Band Chamber (including ‘Wieniawski's musical mornings’); he gave lectures and courses for violin players in his apartment;

SARATOV (Саратов)

At the turn of the years 1851 and 1852 there were at least two concerts of Józef and Henryk Wieniawski brothers in the Hall of the Nobility, on December 23 and January 6;

In August and/or September of 1862 Henryk Wieniawski gave concerts in Saratov. We learn about it from his letter to the violinist, Vasily Bezekirsky, sent from Nizhny Novgorod on August 15, 1862: '(...) I was going to return around September 1st [to St. Petersburg], but I am going to Saratov, from where Mr. Jerszow, the chairman of the landed gentry, wrote to me, inviting me to a series of concerts (...)'.

It is known that Henryk Wieniawski also visited Saratov in 1871 and 1879, certainly for concert purposes. However, no detailed information is available at the present day.

KALININGRAD (Калининград)

We still do not know much about Henryk Wieniawski's concerts in then Königsberg:

1854
- in April, Henryk and Józef Wieniawski brothers came to the town; they gave at least five concerts in May, their stay lasted until the middle of that month; then they went to Gdańsk (then Dantzig);
1856 - a series of concerts in July;
1857 - a series of concerts in June;
1878 - Henryk Wieniawski's concert on December 5;

VORONEZH (Воронеж)

Little is known about Henryk Wieniawski’s performances in Voronezh:
1851 - all Voronezh concerts of the Wieniawski brothers took place at the local Theater: on November 15, 21 and 27, as well as on December 1 and 3;
1868 - Wieniawski toured here between April and September;
1871 - the violinist visited the city in a period March-December;
1877 - he certainly toured Voronezh in May and/or June that year;

MOSCOW (Москва)

1851 - two concerts of the Wieniawski brothers in September in the Noble Assembly Hall;
1852 - early March concert(s) at the Grand Theater;
1853 - stay in Moscow in July;
1861 - two concerts in the Grand Theater in March;
1862 - concerts at the Grand Theater in the first half of that year;
1863 - concert in mid-March with the pianist Alexandre Dreyschock; concert at the Grand Theater (A. Dreyschock, conductor Richard Wagner); concert on March 29 at the Grand Theater;
1865 – on March 1 concert of the Wieniawski brothers conducted by Nicholas Rubinstein at the Grand Theater;
1866 - in May Wieniawski gave one concert at the Theater;
1868 - concert on March 14 in Moscow;
1870 - concert on April 12;
1878 - numerous concerts organized by the Russian Music Society, incl. December 7 and 29; the program included a concert in A minor by Wieniawski [lost!]; at the chamber concert Wieniawski fainted; Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata was finished for him by his student Arno Hilf, and in the Beethoven quartet in E flat major Jan Hřímaly replaced him;
1879-1880 - Henryk Wieniawski came to Moscow in the spring of 1879 and lived with Nikolai Rubinstein; they went on tour in Russia, but due to Wieniawski's disease they returned to Moscow at the end of the year. Wieniawski was sent in a very bad condition to the Mariinsky Hospital for the poor, without a livelihood; On February 26 he is taken to the house of Nadezhda von Meck on Rozhdestvensky Boulevard, where on March 31, 1880 at 8 pm he died.

UKRAINE

Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Lwów Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Kijów Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Odessa Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Charków

GERMANY

Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Berlin Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Drezno, Dresden Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Lipsk, Leipzig Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Monachium, Munich Henryk Wieniawski Superstar - Baden-Baden

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Bibliography:

  • Collections of the Archive-Library of the Henryk Wieniawski Musical Society in Poznań
  • W. Grigoriew, "Henryk Wieniawski. Życie i twórczość", PWN 1986
  • R. Suchowiejko, "Henryk Wieniawski. Wirtuoz w świetle XIX-wiecznej prasy", Towarzystwo Muzyczne im. H. Wieniawskiego, Poznań 2011
  • A. Jazdon, "Henryk Wieniawski. Katalog tematyczny dzieł", Towarzystwo Muzyczne im. H. Wieniawskiego, Poznań 2009
  • Internet, digital libraries